Eastern Box Turtle

 

 
4.5"-6", a land turtle with a high, domelike shell and extremely variable coloration and pattern.  Typically the shell is dark brown to black with yellow to orange streaks and blobs throughout, often lighter underneath.  Males typically have a central concave area in their plastron (for mating) and red eyes; females have a flat plastron and brown eyes.  These are terrestrial turtles that can sometimes be found soaking in puddles or mud.  Their hallmark is a broadly-hinged double plastron, which allows them to completely cover their head, legs, and tail when disturbed.  Well know to commonly live for 40 years and sometimes as many as 100.