Lack of regular cleaning and ignoring common sense
precautions are the major cause of damage to brass
instruments. Moisture, usually saliva, causes oxidation
which rusts the metal. Oxidation is accelerated in the
areas of the instrument where two different metals come
into contact with each other, such as the silver
mouthpiece and the brass receiver.
Always remove your mouthpiece, drain the
water from your horn, and wipe your instrument clean
after each use. Regularly clean the mouthpiece and
receiver with warm water and mild soup, when the
mouthpiece is dry apply a thin film of valve or key oil
to the bore. Keep to a regular schedule of cleaning and
oiling valves, slides, springs, and mouthpieces.
|Remove, clean, and oil the valves daily. I
recommend "Al Cass" valve oil.
||Remove, clean and lube the tuning slides
often. The best lube is Anhydrous Lanolin (available
||Applying valve oil to the valve
cap and bottom cap threads will help to avoid
|A stuck tuning slide can often be removed by
placing a cloth or strap through the slide and
then pulling sharply in line with the slide.
||Stuck valve caps can often be
loosend by carefully taping with a rawhide or
rubber mallet in a counter clockwise motion.
Great care must be taken during these procedures
to avoid damaging the instrument.
Oxidation or corrosion occurs on the
outside of the instrument as well as inside. This comes
mostly from acids left by perspiration from the hands. If
you are not using a guard, take extra care to wipe down
your horn after each use, especially around the areas
where the instrument is held.
Avoid soft drinks, eating, chewing gum,
or smoking right before (or while) playing. These form
acids in your mouth which are especially destructive to
your instrument. Rinse your mouth out with water after
eating before you play your horn.
Please be careful!
try to use plyers or
fourcefully twist. You're
sure to damage the leadpipe
and possibly distroy your horn!
1: Use a rawhide or rubber mallet to tap
on the receiver while scurely holding the horn in
your arms and pulling out on the mouthpiece with
your free hand.
2: A good mouthpiece puller, such as
this one, is the very best way to remove a badly
The dreaded "stuck
mouthpiece" can be avoided as follows. 1. Always
remove the mouthpiece before putting away your
instrument. 2. Take care when inserting the mouthpiece.
Proper placement of the mouthpiece consists of placing it
into the ferrule, then giving it a slight twist clockwise.
Do not hit or pop the mouthpiece with your hand to seat
it, this forces the mouthpiece past it's normal position.
The shank of the mouthpiece must be perfectly round and
undamaged. If the mouthpiece has ever been dropped,
inspect the shank for any flat spots.
||Keep your instrument in it's case when not in
use to avoid possible accidents.
music and loose accesories in your case with your
horn. Loose items can cause dents or become
lodged in the horn, and forcing music into the
case case bend delicate tubing and valves.
Specific instrument care and minor repair instructions
for the following instruments:
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