Department:  Political Science, Criminal Justice, & Legal Studies

Course: POL 674    Credit Hours: 3.0   Semester: Fall 1997

____________________________________________________________________________

    I. Title:  Administrative Development and Organization Theory

   II. Instructor's name: Dr. Winfield H. Rose
        Office location:   553 C Business Building South
        Phone numbers:  (270)762-2662(office); fax: (270)762-2688
                                    (270)762-0126 (home)
        E-Mail:  winfield.rose@murraystate.edu
        Homepage:  http://campus.murraystate.edu/academic/faculty/winfield.rose/main.htm
        Office hours:  9:00 - 10:30 a.m. MWF
                              1:00 -   5:00 p.m. T
                              4:30 -   6:00 p.m. Th (Fort Campbell)

 III. Classroom locations and meeting times:
        Section 01 (on campus):  BBS551, 6:00-9:00 p.m., Tuesdays, Aug. 26 - Dec. 16, 1997.
        Section 93 (Fort Campbell):  2112 Indiana Avenue, Thursdays, Aug. 28 - Dec. 11, 1997.

  IV. Prerequisites:
        Relevant course work in business or public administration or work experience.

    V. Course purpose and objective:
        An extensive analysis of administrative and organization theory with special attention to the       public sector, its political context, and  practical applications.

  VI. Required Texts:


 VII. Method of Instruction:
         Seminar.  Students will be expected to read the assignments as given below and to come to     class prepared to discuss them; this includes being able to ask as well as answer questions.  It is the student's responsibility to demonstrate familiarity with the assignment each class meeting.

VIII. Tests & Grading Procedures:
          Two tests, a mid-term and a final, both at regular class period.  See schedule of assignments.
          (See "How to Take Essay Exams" on my homepage.)
          Grading: 35% mid-term                   20%: two book reviews (10%@)
                        35% final                          10%: attendance and participation

   IX.  Requirements: (1) two exams.
                                   (2) Class attendance and participation.
                                   (3) Two book reviews due as indicated on schedule of assignments.
                                         Instructions given later in this syllabus.
 

     X. Relevant Web Sites:

          Public Administration Network
          Highlights in the History of Public Administration
          Successories
          The Ultimate Government Guide
          101st Airborne Division, Fort Campbell, KY
          Government Executive
          WhoWhere?
          American Society for Public Administration
          Lycos Government Guide
          OSHA Computerized Information System
          National Archives and Records Administration
          To Other Good Links
 


Topics

I. The Context of Public Management in the 1990's
II. Evolution of Managerial Ideology
III. Modern Managerial Perspectives
IV. Leadership
V. Decision Making
VI. Introduction to Organization Theory



Readings:             (No pain, no gain.)

(Assignments not in texts or reprints or on the Internet  may be found in the Waterfield and Sink Libraries.)

I. The Context of Public Administration in the 1990's:

    (1)  Sara Fritz, "New Breed of Workers."  U. S. News & World Report, September 3, 1979, pp. 35-38.
    (2)  Diedre Sullivan, "The PC Nineties: Decade of Diversity."  Career Futures, Fall 1991, pp. 35-38.  See also Rainforest Education Center and PC Primer.
    (3)  Daniel Patrick Moynihan, "Defining Deviancy Down."  The American Scholar, Winter 1993, pp. 17-30.
    (4)  Philip K. Howard, "The Death of Common Sense."  U. S. News & World Report, January 30, 1995, pp. 57-61.  Look up in Amazon.com.
    (5)  Duane Elgin and Robert Bushnell, "The Limits to Complexity: Are Bureaucracies Becoming Unmanageable?"  The Futurist, December 1977, pp. 337-349.
    (6)  Arthur Scheslinger, The Disuniting of America: Reflections on a Multicultural Society.  New York: W. W. Norton, 1993.  (Look up in Amazon and then download book review only.)
    (7)  Reinventing Government and the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993
(passim).
    (8)  Melvin J. Dubnick, "Challenges to American Public Administration: Complexity, Bureaucratization, and the Culture of Distrust."

II. Evolution of Managerial Ideology

    (If you have taken POL 575, see your textbook, Public Personnel Systems by Robert D. Lee,  pp. 44-49.)  Also see Historical Background of Organizational Behavior (this is good).

    (1)  Frederick Taylor, The Principles of Scientific Management. (New York: Harper Brothers, 1911), pp. 5-29.  (Search AltaVista . . . . and download.)
    (2)  Henri Fayol, "General Principles of Management."  (Search AltaVista . . . and download.)      and  "The Administrative Theory in the State" in Gulick & Urwick, Papers on the  Science of Administration (New York: Institute of Public Administration, 1937), pp. 99-114.  (This book resulted from Gulick's service on the Brownlow Committee.)
    (3)  Luther Gulick, "Notes on the Theory of Organization."  Gulick & Urwick, op. cit, pp. 3-13.
[If you enter this man into AltaVista you will get not him but his father.]
    (4)  Chester Barnard, The Functions of the Executive, chapters XV & XVI except pp. 240-252.)
    (5)  Lent D. Upson, "Being An Executive."  Dwight Waldo, ed., Ideas and Issues in Public Administration.  (New York: McGraw Hill, 1953), pp. 330-338.  (This book is one of the old classics and is well worth reading in its entirety.)
    (6)  Douglas McGregor:  Search AltaVista; go to #1: BOLA (Background); then click first icon at bottom of page for Theory X and Y (download and read both).
    (7)  Charles Perrow, Complex Organizations, chapters 2 and 3 except pp. 62-78.

 III.  Modern Managerial Perspectives

        (1)  Joseph L. Bower, "Effective Public Management."  Harvard Business Review (HBR)
March/April 1977, pp. 131-140.
        (2)  Lau et al, "The Nature of Managerial Work in the Public Sector."  Public AdministrationReview (PAR), September/October 1980, pp. 513-520.
        (3)  Gabarro and Kotter, "Managing Your Boss."  HBR January/February 1980, pp. 92-100.
        (4)  C. Brooklyn Derr, "Managing Organizational Conflict."  California Management Review Winter 1978, pp.  76-82.
        (5)  Theodore Caplow, "Crisis Management."  Managing An Organization, 2nd. ed., New York: Holt, Rinehart, & Winston, 1983, pp. 37-40.  (This entire book is well worth reading.)
        (6)  Robert Behn, "Leadership in an Era of Retrenchment" and Robert Biller, "Leadership Tactics for Retrenchment."  PAR November/December 1980, pp. 603-609.
        (7)  John P. Kotter, "Leading Change: Why Transformation Efforts Fail."  HBR March/April 1995.
        (8)  James E. Swiss, "Adapting Total Quality Management (TQM) to Government."  PAR July/August 1992, pp. 356-362.
        (9)  Robert S. Kravchuk, "The New Connecticut: Lowell Weicker and the Process of Administartive Reform."  PAR July/August 1993, pp. 329-339.

 IV. Leadership

        (1)  Terence R. Mitchell and William G. Scott, "Leadership Failures, the Distrusting Public, and Prospects for the Administrative State."  PAR November/December 1987, pp. 445-452.
        (2)  Michael S. Frank, "The Essence of Leadership."  Public Personnel Management (PPM) fall 1993, pp. 381-390.
        (3)  Jameson W. Doig and Erwin C. Hargrove, "Leadership and Political Analysis."  Chapter 1 in Leadership and Innovation: Entrepreneurs in Government.  Johns Hopkins Univertsity Press, 1990 (abridged edition), pp. 1-22.  (This entire book is well worth reading.)
        (4)  Carl von Clauswitz, "The Genius for War."  Chapter III in On War.  London:Penguin Classics, 1968/1982, pp. 138-158.  (Originally published as Vom Kriege in German in 1832.  This entire book is well worth reading, especially by military personnel.)
        (5)  John D. Millet, " Leadership."  Chapter 2 in Management in the Public Service: The Quest for Effective Performance.  New York: McGraw Hill, 1954, pp. 33-54.
        (6)  Douglas McGregor, "Leadership."  Part II in Leadership and Motivation.  Cambridge: MIT Press, 1966, pp. 49-80.
        (7)  Karen J. Winkler, "Eisenhower Revised: from a 'Do-Nothing to an Arch-Manipulator, a Low-Key Leader."  Chronicle of Higher Education, January 30, 1985, pp. 5 et seq.

  V. Decision Making

        (1)  Barnard, Ch. XIII.
        (2)  Banfield, "The Decision-Making Schema."  PAR, Autumn 1957, pp.  278-285.
(Enter Simon into AltaVista and Amazon . . . . .)
        (3)  Lindblom, "The Science of Muddling Through."  PAR, Spring 1959, pp. 79-88.
        (4)  Dror, "Muddling Through - Science or Inertia?"  PAR, September 1964, pp. 153-157.     See also Lindblom's reply immediately following.
        (5)  Etzioni, "Mixed Scanning:  A Third Approach to Decision-Making."  PAR November/December 1968, pp. 385-392.
        (6)   Lindblom, "Still Muddling, Not Yet Though."  PAR November/December 1979, pp. 517-526.
        (7)   Edward J. Woodhouse, "Decision Theory and the Governance of Technology."  Teaching Political Science, Summer 1987, pp. 171-178, especially 174-177.
        (8)   Kevin McKean, "Decisions, Decisions."  Discover, June 1985 pp. 22-31.
        (9)   Patrick Chau, "Better Decision Making Through Expert Systems for Management."  SAM Advanced Management Journal, Autumn 1991, pp. 13-18.  For a more thorough treatment see Edward Brent, Expert Systems, 1996, 43p.   Also see Artificial Intelligence.   For an example of a government agency using expert systems, see The Asbestos Advisor.
       (10)  E. Scott Geller, "When Group Decisions Go Bad."   Also enter the term "groupthink" into a search engine.
       (11)  Rogelberg, Barnes-Farrell, & Lowe, "The Stepladder Technique:  An Alternative Group Structure Facilitating Effective Group Decision Making."  Journal of Applied Psychology v. 77 # 5, 1992, pp. 730-737.
       (12)  Irving L. Janis, "Who Will Be Good Policymakers and Who Will Not?" and "Effective Leadership Practices."  Chs. 9 & 10 in Crucial Decisions: Leadership in Policymaking and Crisis Management.  (Free Press, 1989).
       (13)  Richard E. Neustadt, "What to Do and How: A Summary."  Ch. 13 in  Thinking in Time:the Uses of History for Decisionmakers.  (Free Press, 1986).
               Note:  Both the above books are highly recommended in toto.
       (14)  Montgomery Van Wart, "The Sources of Ethical Decision Making for Individuals in the Public Sector."  PAR November/December 1996, pp. 525-534.

VI.  Introduction to Organization Theory

        (1)  Perrow, chapter 1, "Why Bureaucracy ?"  (text)
        (2)  Max Weber, "Power, Authority, and Imperative Control" and "The Types of Authority and Imperative Coordination,"  pp. 152-157 and 324-366 in The Theory of Social and Economic Organization (New York: Free Press), 1947.  Search AltaVista; you will find there are at least three Max Weber's, an artist, a zoologist, and the sociologist (so don't get confused.)  If the listings have not been re-numbered, you will find what you need at:
                                                    #11:  Max Weber's Homepage

#12:  Max Weber (POL 264)
#25:  Max Weber - The Work
#32:  Max Weber - The Person
#40:  Bureaucracy (also go to Ockham's link at end)
        (3)  Robert Presthus, The Organizational Society: An Analysis and a Theory.  (New York: Vintage Books, 1965).  Chapters 1 & 2.
        (4)  Perrow, pp. 62-78.
        (5)  Barnard, chs. VI, VII, & XII.
        (6)  Anthony Downs, "A Summary of Hypotheses."  Chapter XXII in Inside Bureaucracy (New York: Little Brown, 1967).
        (7)  Perrow, Chapters 4 & 5.
        (8)  Presthus, Chapters 6, 7, & 8.
        (9)  Alvin W. Gouldner, "Cosmopolitans and Locals."  Administrative Science Quarterly, December 1957, pp. 281-292.
       (10) Vincent Flowers & Charles Hughes, "Why Employees Stay."  HBR July/August 1973, pp. 49-60.
       (11)  Ott & Shafritz. "Toward a Definition of Organizational Incompetence."  PAR July/August 1994, pp. 370-377.
       (12)  Chaos Theory:  Enter "chaos theory" into AltaVista and download "What is Chaos?" and "What is Chaos Theory?"


Schedule of Assignments