Department of Political Science and Sociology

Murray State University

Course:  POL 443        Credit hours: 3        Semester: Spring 2018

The President is the symbol of who the people of the United States
are. He is the person who stands for us in the eyes of the world
and the eyes of our children.  -  William J. Bennett

Nearly all men can stand adversity but if you want to test
a man's character, give him power.  -  Abraham Lincoln

   I.  Title:  The Executive Process

  II.  Course description:  A survey of executive powers at the national, state, and local levels with special emphasis on the office of the Presidency.

 III.  Instructor:  Dr. Winfield H. Rose
            Office location:  5A-10 Faculty Hall
            Phone numbers:  (270) 809-2662 (office); 753-0126 (home); 226-8595 (mobile); 809-2688 (fax)
            Office hours:  10:00 - 11:00 a.m. TTh; 12:30 - 2:00 p.m. TTh; 1:00 - 4:00 p.m. W. 

 IV.  Class location, meeting time and language of instruction:  509 Faculty Hall, 2:00 - 3:15 p.m. TTh,  January 16 - May 3, 2018;  English (it is not necessary to press 1).

   V.  Content outline:  see Course Outline and Topics of Study.

  VI.  Required texts:  (1)  Alexander Hamilton, James Madison, and John Jay, The Federalist Papers (any edition); (2) Raymond Tatalovich & Steven E. Schier, The Presidency and Political Science: Two Hundred Years of Constitutional Debate, second edition (2014)and (3) Winfield H. Rose, "The Challenges Lincoln Faced" and "The Theological, Philosophical and Historical Foundations of the American Polity" (both for sale at the University Store); (4) William H. Rehnquist, All the Laws but One: Civil Liberties in Wartime (1998); and (5) Eliot A. Cohen, Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen and Leadership in Wartime (2003).  Supreme Court opinions and other sources may be accessed via the internet; please do not be easily defeated; be creative and persistent.

VII.  Instructional activities:  Classes will be a combination of discussion and lecture. It is absolutely essential that students come to class with their assignment read and be ready to ask as well as answer questions.  It also is essential that you keep up with contemporary political developments but be careful with your sources; I recommend a student subscription to the Wall Street Journal for about $15.00 per semester.  Class attendance is important and expected; roll be will taken every day. Use will be made of email and of the internet for some class reading materials.  When your reading mentions court cases, find them on the internet.  You are also encouraged to watch appropriate programming on the A & E, Discovery, PBS, TLC, and History channels.  We might possibly take a voluntary day trip to Nashville some Saturday to see the Hermitage, the home of President Andrew Jackson, or to Forts Campbell and Donelson, if enough are interested.

VIII.  Course requirements:  There will be a mid-term March 15 and a final exam at the officially designated time; these together will constitute 60% of your grade (30%@).  Your outside writing requirement and class presentation, as prescribed below, will count as 20% of your grade.  Attendance (15%)  and class participation (5%) will form the basis of the final 20% of your course grade.

 IX.  Policy on Academic Honesty (Approved by the MSU Board of Regents on June 1, 2012):  Murray State University takes seriously its moral and educational obligation to maintain high standards of academic honesty and ethical behavior. Instructors are expected to evaluate students’ academic achievements accurately, as well as ascertain that work submitted by students is authentic and the result of their own efforts, and consistent with established academic standards. Students are obligated to respect and abide by the basic standards of personal and professional integrity.  

Violations of Academic Honesty include:

Cheating - Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized information such as books, notes, study aids, or other electronic, online, or digital devices in any academic exercise; as well as unauthorized communication of information by any means to or from others during any academic exercise. 

Fabrication and Falsification - Intentional alteration or invention of any information or citation in an academic exercise. Falsification involves changing information whereas fabrication involves inventing or counterfeiting information.

Multiple Submission - The submission of substantial portions of the same academic work, including oral reports, for credit more than once without authorization from the instructor.

Plagiarism - Intentionally or knowingly representing the words, ideas, creative work, or data of someone else as one’s own in any academic exercise, without due and proper acknowledgement.

Instructors should outline their expectations that may go beyond the scope of this policy at the beginning of each course and identify such expectations and restrictions in the course syllabus. When an instructor receives evidence, either directly or indirectly, of academic dishonesty, he or she should investigate the instance. The faculty member should then take appropriate disciplinary action.

Disciplinary action may include, but is not limited to the following:

Requiring the student(s) to repeat the exercise or do additional related exercise(s).

Lowering the grade or failing the student(s) on the particular exercise(s) involved.

Lowering the grade or failing the student(s) in the course.

If the disciplinary action results in the awarding of a grade of E in the course, the student(s) may not drop the course.  Faculty reserve the right to invalidate any exercise or other evaluative measures if substantial evidence exists that the integrity of the exercise has been compromised. Faculty also reserve the right to document in the course syllabi further academic honesty policy elements related to the individual disciplines.

A student may appeal the decision of the faculty member with the department chair in writing within five working days. Note: If, at any point in this process, the student alleges that actions have taken place that may be in violation of the Murray State University Non-Discrimination Statement, this process must be suspended and the matter be directed to the Office of Institutional Diversity, Equity and Access.  Any appeal will be forwarded to the appropriate university committee as determined by the Provost.

 X.  Other class policies:  You are asked not to: (1) have a cell phone or pager go off in class, or text message; (2) talk to one another when it is time for class to begin or after it has begun; (3) use an iPod or similar apparatus; (4) wear caps in class; (5) eat in class; (6) be late habitually; (7) read or study other material or do homework for another class; or (8) leave or prepare to leave before class is dismissed.  Such activities will not be well received.  Drinking Cokes, Pepsis, coffee, etc., and laptops for taking notes are acceptable, but please turn off all cell phones and pagers when class begins.  The first time your cell phone disrupts class you will be asked to gather your things and leave for the day; the second time it disrupts class your departure will be permanent.      

         Recording Class Sessions Policy:  The surreptitious recording of class sessions is prohibited.  The recording of class sessions is permitted only with the advance consent of the instructor.  Violation of this policy will result in expulsion from the course, a grade of E, and the invocation of university disciplinary procedures.  Also please note that young ladies and gentlemen do not post anonymous defamatory comments about the instructor in social media.

  XI.  Students with Disabilities:  The Office of Student Disability Services (OSDS) is designed to coordinate and administer services and accommodations for students with documented disabilities. In doing so, OSDS will review disability documentation, meet with students to determine appropriate reasonable accommodations, and work with other areas on campus to implement services.  Their goal is to provide individuals with disabilities access to programs, services, and activities at Murray State University.  Contact Information:  Velvet Wilson, Director, 423 Wells Hall, (270) 809-5737,

XII.  Equal Opportunity:  Murray State University endorses the intent of all federal and state laws created to prohibit discrimination. Murray State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, gender, sexual orientation, religion, age, veteran status, or disability in employment, admissions, or the provision of services and provides, upon request, reasonable accommodation including auxiliary aids and services necessary to afford individuals with disabilities equal access to participate in all programs and activities.  For more information, contact the Office of Institutional Diversity, Equity and Access, 103 Wells Hall, (270) 809-3155 (voice), (270) 809-3361 (TDD),

XIII.  Prerequisites:  Junior standing, an inquiring mind, a desire to learn, and a willingness to work.

XIV.  Purpose and Objective:  To understand the origin, development, and current status of the executive process with primary emphasis on the American Presidency.

 XV.  General websites:

The White House
Presidency Research Group
Center for the Study of the Presidency
 American Memory: Historical Collections for the National Digital Library
American Presidents: Life Portraits
The Inaugural Classroom
The American Presidency
A Chronology of U. S. Historical Documents
Townhall's Congressional Resource Center
Presidential Libraries
Presidents of the United States
THOMAS: Legislative Information on the Internet
National Archives and Records Administration
Findlaw: U. S. Supreme Court Opinions
Character Above All: An Exploration of Presidential Leadership

Federal Law Pertaining to Presidential Elections and Controversies:
Title 3, United States Code, Chapter 1

Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Iraq Resolution of 2002
Public Law 107-243  -  October 16, 2002

I pray Heaven to bestow the best of blessings on this house and on all that shall hereafter
inhabit it.   May none but honest and wise men ever rule under this roof.
John Adams, Second President of the United States
Letter to his wife, Abigail, November 2, 1800
On moving into the White House

Course Outline and Topics of Study

       I.  Introduction:

            The United States Constitution, Articles I & II.  Amendments XII, XX, XXII, & XXV.
            Examine Internet Public Library: POTUS/Presidents of the United States.   Bookmark this website for frequent use.  Also and go to "Nominations" and "Statistics and Lists."  
            Read and study the chapters on the Presidency and Executive Branch in your text from POL 140,  American National Government.
            Go to and familiarize yourself with the agencies of the federal government via their websites.  Also familiarize yourself with the Office of the Federal Register and the official White House website.

     II.  The Theoretical Basis of Executive Power

            A. M. Henderson and Talcott Parsons, From Max Weber: The Theory of Social and Economic Organization, Free Press 1964:  "The Three Pure Types of Legitimate Authority" et seq., pp. 324-373, including "The Routinization of Charisma."   Email.
            Review Rose,  " . . . Foundations of the American Polity."

   III.  The American Presidency:

            (1) Ancestry

            "The Magna Carta and Its American Legacy" and the English Bill of Rights (find on internet).

            Sir William Blackstone, Commentaries on the Laws of England, volume 1, book 1, chapter 6, "Of the King's Duties," and chapter 7, "Of the King's Prerogative."

            (2)  Creation 

            Options: Decisions to be made (lecture); review Article II, United States Constitution.            

            Alexander Hamilton, Federalist #’s 65-77 (very important).

            Tatalovich & Schier, Introduction and Chapter 1.

            (3)  Establishment:  Washington, the indispensable man

            Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 2.
            Forrest McDonald, "Presidential Character: the Example of George Washington."  Perspectives on Political Science Summer 1997, v. 26 # 2, pp. 134-139.  
            Seymour Lipset, "Establishing National Authority" in The First New Nation, 1963, pp. 15-23 (email).
            POTUS (under Washington):  the Jay Treaty and Washington's Farewell Address.
            Todd Estes, "The Art of Presidential Leadership: George Washington and the Jay Treaty,"  The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, April 1, 2001.

            (4)  Jefferson and the Jeffersonians

            See Thomas Jefferson on Politics & Government.
            David Mayer, "By the Chains of the Constitution: Separation of Powers Theory and Jefferson's Conception of the Presidency."  Perspectives on Political Science, Summer 1997, v. 26 # 2, pp. 140-148.      
            Winfield H. Rose, "Marbury v. Madison: How John Marshall Changed History by Misquoting the Constitution", PS: Political Science & Politics, April 2003, pp. 209-214;
            Read the Marbury opinion at 5 U.S. 137 (1803).   Access both via internet.
            Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 3 (Story, Tocqueville & Grimke).

            (5) Jackson to Buchanan 

            See POTUS . . . . . . , especially Jackson's inaugural addresses, the nullification controversy, Trail of Tears.
            Jackson's veto of the Second Bank of the United States (internet).
            Cherokee Nation v. Georgia, 30 U.S. 1 (1831).
            President James K. Polk & the Mexican War.
            Compromise of 1850, "Popular Sovereignty,"  Kansas-Nebraska Act.
            Dred Scott v. Sandford (1857) and the coming of the Civil War.
            (6) Preservation: The Presidency of Abraham Lincoln
            See Lincoln under POTUS: especially the first and second inaugural addresses, the Emancipation Proclamation, and the Gettysburg Address.
            Doris Kearns Goodwin, "Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln."  Address to the Los Angeles World Affairs Council November 15, 2005.
                         Access via LAWAC website.  (This address is based on her book with the same title and is a summary of the book.)
            Winfield H. Rose, "The Challenges Lincoln Faced" (for sale at the bookstore).
            William H. Rehnquist, All the Laws but One.
            (7)  Age of the Lilliputians           

Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 3 (Curtis to end).

            (8) Emergence of the Modern Presidency:  Theodore Roosevelt to Woodrow Wilson

            Tatalovich & Schier,  Chapter 4.

            (9)  Return to "Normalcy:"  Harding, Coolidge and Hoover

Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 5.
            (10) Growth and Consolidation of the Modern Presidency
:  FDR to Ike
              John Ed Pearce, "Reflections on FDR on the 40th anniversary of his death."  Louisville Courier-Journal April 7, 1985.  Email.
              William E. Leuchtenburg, “Why the Candidates Still Use FDR as Their Measure.”  American Heritage February 1988.  Email.
              Arthur Schlesinger, Jr., “The Real Roosevelt Legacy.”  Newsweek October 14, 1996.   Email.
             “Perhaps the most controversial decision of the 20th century was Truman’s decision to use the atomic bomb.”  World War II July 1995.  Email.
              Truman's dismissal of General Douglas MacArthur (see Neustadt's Presidential Power).
              Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 6.
            (11)  The Shakespearean Tragedies
: Kennedy to Carter  (five failed presidencies in a row: why do I call them "Shakespearean tragedies"?
             Tatalovich & Schier, Chapters 7 & 8.   

            (12)  The Reagan Restoration to Obama and Trump

Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 9.
             Philip Abbott, "Leadership by Exemplar: Reagan's FDR and Thatcher's Churchill."  Presidential Studies Quarterly, v. 27 # 2, Spring 1997, pp. 186-206.  Email.
             Richard Neustadt, “Has the Cold War Been Won?”  Business & Public Affairs Fall 1991.  Email.
      Michael Barone, "He Leaves a Surprisingly Grand Legacy."  U. S. News & World Report Commemorative Edition, June 2004, pp. 78-81.  Email.              

            (10)  Final Summation and Comparative Perspective

            Tatalovich & Schier, Chapter 10 to end.
            Finish Geoffrey R. Stone, "Civil Liberties in Wartime,"  op. cit.           
            James Bryce, "Why Great Men Are Not Chosen Presidents," chapter 8 in The American Commonwealth, 1888.  
            Richard Neustadt, "The Power to Persuade," chapter 3 in Presidential Power: The Politics of Leadership (any edition).
            Forrest McDonald,  "Supreme Court Nominees: A Look At The Precedents."  Wall Street Journal, September 17, 1987, p. 30.  
            Davidson, Loeszek & Lee, "Advice and Consent for Judicial Nominees."  Chapter 12b in Congress and Its Members, CQ Press 2008. 
            G. Calvin Mackenzie, "The State of the Presidential Appointments Process."  Chapter One in G. Calvin Mackenzie, Innocent Until Nominated: The Breakdown of the Presidential Appointments Process, Brookings 2001, pp. 1-49.  
            Davidson, Oleszek & Lee, "Congress and the President," Chapter 10 in Congress and Its Members, CQ Press 2008, pp. 304-333.  
            Cal Jillson, "Government, the Economy, and Domestic Policy."  Chapter 14 in American Government: Political Change and Institutional Development, any edition.  (This is my POL 140 textbook.)
            Frederic D. Schwarz and John Steele Gordon, "Why Presidents Have Lousy Second Terms."  American Heritage Blog, American, October 12, 2005.
            Justin D. Lyons, "Winston Churchill and the Rhetorical Challenges of Democratic Statesmanship."  Perspectives on Political Science,  v. 35 # 1, Winter 2006, pp. 4-13.   
            Other ways of doing it:  Michael Gallagher, Michael Laver and Peter Mair, "The Executive," chapter 2 in Representative Government in Modern Europe, fourth edition, 2006.
Additional Resources:

Barbara Jordan, "Opening Statement to the House Judiciary Committee Proceedings on Impeachment of President Richard Nixon"
Independent Counsel/Special Prosecutor statute: 28 USC 40, 591-599.
Campaign finance and the Pendleton Act
Pendleton (Civil Service Reform) Act of 1883
Instances of Use of United States Forces Abroad, 1798-1993
World War I
Yesterday, December 7, 1941 - a date which will live in infamy - World War II
Integration of the U. S. military:  Executive Order 9981
NATO Homepage
Tonkin Gulf Resolution
National Political Index: Campaigns and Elections
Yahoo's U. S. Presidential Elections
John F. Kennedy, President-Elect.  "Address to the General Court of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts."  January 9, 1961.  (Access via POTUS)
Essays from Character Above All, edited by Robert A. Wilson, PBS, 1997.
                Doris Kearns Goodwin on Franklin D. Roosevelt
                David McCullough on Harry S. Truman
                Stephen E. Ambrose on Dwight D. Eisenhower
                Richard Reeves on John F. Kennedy
                Robert Dallek on Lyndon B. Johnson
                Tom Wicker on Richard M. Nixon
                James Cannon on Gerald Ford
                Hendrick Hertzberg on Jimmy Carter
                Peggy Noonan on Ronald Reagan
                Michael Beschloss on George Bush (41)

Final examination Wednesday, December 10, 1:30 p.m.,  509 FH.

Outside Writing Assignment: Book Review and Class Presentation (20% of your course grade). Your outside writing assignment for POL 443 is to read and write a review of  one of the books listed below.  Even though this review is not due until November 11, I suggest you obtain your copy soon and start on this project right away. Please take these directions seriously and follow them carefully. Your book review should answer all of the following questions. Repeat the question verbatim in bold print and single-spaced before you begin answering it.  Then answer it in regular print, double-spaced.  The final three weeks of our class time will be devoted to the presentation of your book reviews.

(1) Does the author have a thesis, theory or hypothesis he is testing? If not, what is the purpose of writing the book?

(2) What kinds of data, that is, what are the principal data the author brings to bear in the book? Is the book empirical, historical, intuitive, analytical, experiential (not experimental), or a combination?

(3) Summarize his most important findings, conclusions, arguments and positions. (This should constitute about 60% of your paper.)

(4) What contribution, if any, does this book make to the study of political science and/or to the clarification of contemporary political issues?

(5) What is your general assessment of the book? Is it well written? Are the author’s arguments and conclusions easy to follow? Is his argument clear? Would you recommend the book? Why or why not?

Your book review should consist of 15 to 20 typewritten, double-spaced pages printed on a good printer in #12 font. Papers not meeting these minimal criteria will not be accepted. Papers should be done in a highly competent and professional manner. Excessive errors in grammar, spelling and punctuation cannot be accepted. You should adhere closely to my handout "Tips on Good Writing" which can be downloaded from my homepage and to latest edition of Style Manual for Political Science published online by the American Political Science Association.  Specific page references should be inserted throughout the text of your paper (e.g., Neustadt, p. 72 or "On page 72 the author argues that . . . . . ."). You should be certain to insert page references frequently in order to relate your review to the book properly; this means that more than direct quotes should be referenced. Also remember that a book review should consist of more than cutting and pasting a series of quotes copied from the book; you need to demonstrate that you have read the book, that you know and understand what is in it, and that you have analyzed it to reach some conclusions about the validity of its arguments.  Any evidence that this paper is not your original work will result in a garde of E for the entire course and in the invocation of appropriate University disciplinary procedures. See the policy on academic honesty stated above.


Alan Axelrod, Elizabeth I CEO.  Prentice-Hall, 2000.
James David Barber, The Presidential Character: Predicting Performance in the White House, second edition.  Prentice-Hall, 1977.
Eliot A. Cohen, Supreme Command: Soldiers, Statesmen, and Leadership in Wartime.  Free Press, 2002.
Rudolph Giuliani, Leadership.  Hyperion, 2002.
red I.  Greenstein, The Hidden-Hand Presidency: Eisenhower as Leader.  Basic Books, 1982.
Marc Landy and Sidney M. Milkis, Presidential Greatness.  University Press of Kansas, 2000.
Irving L. Janis, Victims of Groupthink:  A Psychological Study of Foreign Policy Decisions and Fiascoes.  Houghton-Mifflin, 1982.
Dana D. Nelson, Bad for Democracy: How the Presidency Undermines the Power of the People.  University of Minnesota Press, 2008.
Richard E. Neustadt and Ernest R. May, Thinking in Time: The Uses of History for Decisionmakers.  The Free Press, 1986.
G. Calvin Mackenzie, ed., Innocent Until Nominated: The Breakdown of the Presidential Appointments Process.  Brookings, 2001.
Harvey C. Mansfield, Jr.  Taming the Prince: the Ambivalence of Modern Executive Power.  Johns Hopkins, 1993.
John O'Sullivan, The President, the Pope and the Prime Minister: Three Who Changed the World.  Regnery, 2008.
Jeffrey K, Tulis.  The Rhetorical Presidency.   Princeton, 2008.



Aggressive fighting for the right is the noblest sport the world affords.
Theodore Roosevelt

The only thing we have to fear is fear itself.
Franklin D. Roosevelt

Ask not what your country can do for you.  Ask what you can do for your country.
John F. Kennedy

If history teaches anything, it teaches that self delusion in the
face of unpleasant facts is folly.
Ronald Reagan

If we learned anything from World War II, we
learned that appeasement doesn't work.
George H. W. Bush

I believe we are on an irreversible trend toward more
freedom and democracy - but that could change.
Al Gore

If you like your health care plan, you can keep your health care plan.
If you like your doctor, you can keep your doctor.

Barack Obama