BIOSTATISTICS & PROBABILITY
Course Number: OSH 637
Credit Hours: 3
Bassam H. Atieh, Sc.D.
Biostatistics and Probability
Course Description and Prerequisite(s)
The study and application of biostatistics and probability distributions in environmental and
health related sampling. Emphasis is given to hypothesis testing and graphical determination of
confidence intervals. This course will also cover the use of log scales and their application in
log-normal distributions. This course is offered to graduate students only.
Prerequisites: MAT 135 or PSY 300, or instructor's approval.
By the end of this course:
- Students will be able to choose the appropriate method to analyze collected data.
- Students will be able to graphically analyze data and draw conclusions.
- Students will be able to apply statistics in health science related fields, and to determine
employers' compliance with OSHA standards and guidelines.
A. CONCEPTS OF BASIC STATISTICS
- Organizing and Summary Data
- Describing Samples & Populations
- Probability Models & Distributions
- The Normal Distribution Model
- The Binomial Model
- The Poisson Distribution
- Normal Distributions & Normal Approximation of Binomials
- Estimation and Confidence Intervals
- Hypothesis Testing
- Comparing Two Populations
- Prediction & Association
- Simple Linear Regression and Correlation
- Chi Square Distribution and Analysis of Frequencies
- Analysis of Variance
- Introduction to Nonparametric Statistics
- Sampling Theory
- Errors in Experimental Design
- Statistics and Research
FINAL EXAM (COMPREHENSIVE)
B. APPLICATION OF STATISTICS IN INDUSTRIAL HYGIENE AND HEALTH SCIENCES
- OSHA Injury and Fatality Rates
- Particle and Fiber Size Distributions
- Distributions of Environmental Samples
- Normal Distribution (laboratory experimental errors)
- Log-Normal Distribution (concentrations collected from environmental samples)
- Poisson's Distribution (particles and fibers counting)
- Binomial Distribution (determining OSHA's recommended number of workers to
sample from a given worker population)
- Case studies
Field, Clinical, and/or Laboratory Experiences
Text(s) and Resources (Recommended)
- Brockett and Levine, Statistics & Probability and Their Applications, Saunders College Publishing.
- Daniel W. Wayne, Biostatistics: The Foundations of Statistical Analysis for Health Sciences.
5th. Edition, Wiley Publishing Co.
- Pagano M. and K. Gauvreau, Principles of Biostatistics. Duxbury Press, Belmont, California.
- Handouts by topic/subject when applicable.
Evaluation and Grading Procedures
- Homework: 30%
- Mid-term exam: 35%
- Final exam: 35%
Final Course Grade
A = 94-100
B = 85-93
C = 75-84
E ≤ 74
- Attendance is required.
- Unexcused absences may affect your final grade for the course.
Academic Honesty Policy
Murray State University takes seriously its moral and educational obligation
to maintain high standards of academic honesty and ethical behavior. Instructors are
expected to evaluate students' academic achievements accurately, as well as ascertain
that work submitted by students is authentic and the result of their own efforts, and
consistent with established academic standards. Students are obligated to respect and
abide by the basic standards of personal and professional integrity.
Violations of Academic Honesty Include
Cheating - Intentionally using or attempting to use unauthorized information such as
books, notes, study aids, or other electronic, online, or digital devices in any academic
exercise; as well as unauthorized communication of information by any means to or from
others during any academic exercise.
Fabrication and Falsification - Intentional alteration or invention of any information
or citation in an academic exercise. Falsification involves changing information whereas
fabrication involves inventing or counterfeiting information.
Multiple Submission - The submission of substantial portions of the same academic
work, including oral reports, for credit more than once without authorization from the
Plagiarism - Intentionally or knowingly representing the words, ideas, creative work, or
data of someone else as one's own in any academic exercise, without due and proper
Instructors should outline their expectations that may go beyond the scope of this policy at the
beginning of each course and identify such expectations and restrictions in the course syllabus.
When an instructor receives evidence, either directly or indirectly, of academic dishonesty, he
or she should investigate the instance. The faculty member should then take appropriate
Disciplinary action may include, but is not limited to the following:
1) Requiring the student(s) to repeat the exercise or do additional related exercise(s).
2) Lowering the grade or failing the student(s) on the particular exercise(s) involved.
3) Lowering the grade or failing the student(s) in the course.
If the disciplinary action results in the awarding of a grade of "E" in the course,
The student(s) may not drop the course.
Faculty reserve the right to invalidate any exercise or other evaluative measures if substantial
evidence exists that the integrity of the exercise has been compromised. Faculty also reserve
the right to document in the course syllabi further academic honesty policy elements related
to the individual disciplines.
A student may appeal the decision of the faculty member with the department chair in
writing within five working days. Note: If, at any point in this process, the student alleges
that actions have taken place that may be in violation of the Murray State University
Non-Discrimination Statement, this process must be suspended and the matter be directed to
the Office of . Any appeal will be forwarded to
the appropriate university committee as determined by the Provost.
Statements on Non-Discrimination Policy and Students with Disabilities
Murray State University endorses the intent of all federal and state laws created to prohibit
discrimination. Murray State University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color,
national origin, sex, gender identity, sexual orientation, religion, age, veteran status, or
disability in employment or application for employment, admissions, or the provision of
services and provides, upon request, reasonable accommodation including auxiliary aids
and services necessary to afford individuals with disabilities equal access to participate in
all programs and activities.
In particular, and without limiting the preceding and pursuant to and consistent with the
requirements of Title VI of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and its regulations 34 CFR 100 et seq.;
Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973 and its regulations 34 CFR 104; Title IX of the
Education Amendments of 1972, 20 USC 1681 et seq., and its regulations 34 CFR 106 et seq.;
and the Age Discrimination Act of 1975 and its regulations 34 CFR 110, Murray State
University does not discriminate on the basis of race, color, national origin, sex, handicap, or
age in its educational programs and activities. This non-discrimination in education programs
and activities extends to employment and admissions and to recruitment, financial aid, academic
programs, student services, athletics, and housing. Murray State is required by Title IX and
34 CFR part 106 not to discriminate on the basis of sex and the prohibition against sex
discrimination specifically includes a prohibition of sexual harassment and sexual violence.
Examples of prohibited sexual harassment and sexual violence can be found in the (Policy
Prohibiting Sexual Harassment) which can be accessed vis the link referenced in Appendix I.
For more information concerning the application of these provisions may be referred to:
the Executive Director of Institutional Diversity, Equity, and Access/Murray State University
Title IX Coordinator, Murray State University, 103 Wells Hall, Murray, KY 42071.
Telephone: 270-809-3155; Fax: 270-809-6887; TDD: 270-809-3361.
Services for Students with Disabilities Statement
Students with Disabilities: Student requiring special assistance due to a disability should visit
the Office of Student Disability Services immediately for assistance with accommodations.
For more information, students with disabilities should contact the Office of Student Disability
Services, 423 Wells Hall, Murray, KY 42071.
Telephone: 270-809-2018 (Voice) 270-809-5889 (TDD).
Other Required Departmental or Collegiate Committee Information